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The fflfil 

with Nunse 

Tlxe Grrizacly 

Yoli*:m.e 3, Number 22 


The drama students' first play of the year, Nunsense , is a 
big hit with students and the local community. 

President of the 
United States Bill 
Clinton stopped 
off in Wichita 
Nov. 17 for the 
dedication of 
Cessna's 21st St. 
Training Center. 

G-rizscry footlbo.ll ends / page 30 

After making it to the Valley of the Sun Bowl last year, 
the Grizzlies had a down season, losing in the first 
round of the Jayhawk Conference playoffs. 

Mens and womens cross 
country runners race for 
pride and national 
recognition in 
Levelland, Texas, at 
the 1997 NJCAA 
v National Cross 



1997 G rizzly Staff: Justin Hayworth is the Editor. Stephanie Ross is the Managing Editor. Laura Agee, Kristy 
Egbert, Karyn D. Haines, Tiffany Lewis, and Amy Train are writers; Chris Lawrie, and Tina Vinson are photographers. John Morris 
and Mike Shepherd are photographers and writers. Dave Kratzer is the advisor. Butler County Community College is located at 901 
S. Haverhill Rd., in El Dorado, Kan. 67042 (316) 322-3893 (316) 322-3280. Room 104. Letters to the editor are encouraged. 

On the Cover, Kaylon Price breaks a tackle and gains some extra yards against Fort Scott. Photo by Justin Hayworth 

The Grizzly 

Tlxe Grizzly 


When a spoiled batch of soup 
sends many of the sisters of 
Hoboken to meet their maker, those 
remaining don't grieve in the nor- 
mal way. No, these sisters have big- 
ger fish to fry. 

In the play Nunsense, the sisters 
realize that the funeral funds for the 
recently departed sisters are non- 
existent, because they were spent on 
a new TV and VCR. 

In a panic to give their fellow sis- 
ters the proper burial, they decide to 
have a talent show for the commu- 
nity in hopes of raising the money 
they needed. 

The thought of nuns singing and 
dancing around a stage may seem 
weird but it worked for Sister Act 
and it certainly worked for the 
Butler County Community College 
Theater Department. 

By Stephanie Ross 

Tl*e Gr:ri:z:z;ry S 

j^ ying there in the chair I could tell by the look on everyone's face that 
\J I had quite a look of pain displayed on my own. As needles probed 
w^^in and out of my skin I was revisited by an old flashback from when 
I was five, when I had to visit the doctor for a blood test where he would just 
prick my index finger with a needle. That is exactly the feeling I endured. At 
least to me it felt like I was being pricked over and over again just as I had so 
long ago. Pain constantly stayed with me during the process, some may even 
call me a wimp for thinking so, but it did hurt. However, I am proud to say 
that I didn't cry, I came close but I never shed one tear. I even smiled a couple 
of times as I watched the photographer trying to be creative. After an hour I 
stood to examine the finished product in the mirror. My red-irritated skin sur- 
rounded a multi-colored dragon with wings. Finally done, I walked out of the 
parlor still glancing at the now permanent, not-going-to-rub-off-ever, tattoo 
that cost me $50, a little pain and an unforgettable experience. 

By Kristy Egbert 

By Ella Siemers 

Whether we, as a society, realize it 
or not, we tend to judge people on 
their first appearance. A first impres- 
sion is made in the first 30 seconds 
after we meet or see a person. What 
does appearance say to us? It tends to 
identify a person's personality, social 
structure, income, abilities and capa- 
bilities. It can define a person's dis- 
likes, hobbies, background and 

One way that people alter their 
appearance is through various forms 
of body modification. Techniques such 
as body sculpting, piercing, scarifica- 
tion and tattooing have been used. 
The most common form in the United 
States is tattooing. 

Twenty years ago there were an 
estimated 300 professional tattoo par- 
lors. Today, that number has jumped 
to more than 4,000. A survey conduct- 
ed by the Tattoo Association of 
America in 1994 estimated that one 
out of three Americans have tattoos. 

"Becoming tattooed is a highly 
social act," writes Clinton R. Sanders, 
in his book Customizing the Body: The 
Art and Culture of Tattooing. "The deci- 
sion to acquire a tattoo is motivated 
by how the recipient defines him or 

People who receive tattoos are gen- 
erally influenced by the people around 
them. Either everyone in their social 
group had a tattoo, were getting a tat- 
too or were against tattoos and the 
recipient feels the need to rebel. 

A tattoo artist related his under- 
standing of his clients motivations to 
Sanders in this way: "I do see that 
many people get tattooed to find out 
again... to say, 'Who was I before I got 

Tl*e Grizzly 

Body art is a way that individuals 
express themselves in this time and 
age. Whether it be a tattoo, or a body 
piercing of some sort, people are 
enduring the pain and cost to 
sport their individualism 
What parents considered 
rebellious and taboo in 
their day is now main- 
stream, a '90s 

No matter what 
their age, old or young, 
people are getting tattoos 
to express themselves. 
Butler sophomore Chris 
Shanklin has four tat- 
toos on his ankles and 
two on his arms. "I got 
my tattoos from Rad-A- 
Tat in Manhattan, and 
they're the best," says 
Shanklin. Among his tattoos you 
could see Yosemite Sam, Mighty 
Mouse and two crosses. Along with 
his tattoos, he has his ears and one of 
his eyebrows pierced. "It sucks hav- 
ing something you want dragging 
you down when looking for a job. It 
is a freedom of expression; people 
should not judge you on appearance 
only," says Shanklin. 

Butler freshman Denise Stutey 
bears a tattoo of a butterfly on the 
lower left side of her back. "I want to 
be able to cover it up when I want to, 
but also still be able to show it, so 
that's why I got it on my back," says 
Stutey. Stutey got her tattoo from 
Shadowline in Wellington for $45. "If 
you can stand a week or two of pain 
and uncomfortableness, it's worth it. 
It feels like a needle digging through 
your skin during, and like a sunburn 
afterwards," says 

Getting a tattoo 
is a more drastic 
way of expressing 
one's self because 
tattoos are com- 
pletely permanent. 
If you decide a week 
later it was a mistake 
you're stuck with it 
anyway. Tattoos are pretty 
costly as well, and depending on 
what's desired they could run into 


hundreds of dollars for more detailed 
and exceptionally done ones, to $40 
and $50 ones that are black and 
white with little detail. 

Butler sophomore JJ Kerr 
has a langolier soccer ball 
tattooed on his ankle 
because he loves soccer. 
"It cost $65, and I got 
the tattoo on my 
ankle so it can be cov- 
ered up by my black 
socks when I get older," 
says Kerr. Kerr had his 
tattoo done at Ace's 
High Tattoo which is locat- 
ed at 16037 E. Kellogg. 
Pete Dawson has been 
doing the art of tattoo- 
ing at Ace's High 
Tattoo parlor for two 
and a half years. "The 
most common type of tattoo 
that people get is usually little 
stuff like hearts and butterflies. The 
average going price is $40 minimum 
for something small, and the price 
goes up with size, color and detail. 
The smaller tattoos usually take about 
a half hour to do, and most people 
think they (tattoos) feel like some- 
thing between a splinter and a bee 
sting," says Dawson. 

Barbells and hoops decorate peo- 
ples' bodies like Christmas ornaments 
do trees. Piercing in the '80s was 
mainly preserved for punk rockers, 
but now body piercing is literally 
everywhere. Metal barbells and rings 
hang from eyebrows, lips, tongues, 
chins, noses, nipples, ears, navels and 
the now becoming very popular, geni- 

Some piercings are painful while 
others wouldn't even make a person 
flinch. Butler sophomore Angela 
Decker has her navel pierced. "I got 
my navel pierced at Tiggers in 
Dallas for $50," says Decker. 
Some piercings are relative- 
ly cheap, however, others 
are quite expensive. 

A normal, plain old 
ear piercing usually 
costs around $20 
including the 
earrings, the 
piercing and the 

into this lost position?' It's almost like 
a tattoo pulls you back to a certain 
kind of reality about who you are as 
an individual. Either that or it trans- 
fers you to the next step in your life, 
the next plateau. A woman will come 
in and say, 'Well, I just went through a 
really ugly divorce. My husband had 
control of my body and now I have it 
again. I want a tattoo. I want a tattoo 
that says I have the courage to get 
through this, that I have the courage 
to take on the rest of my life. I'm 
going to do what I want to do and 
what I have to do to survive as a per- 
son.' That's a motivation that comes 
through the door a lot." 

Many tattoo customers agree that 
tattooing is addictive and tend to have 
more than one tattoo. "I have never 
seen a person get only one tattoo," 
says Rogen Handlon, co-owner of Fine 
Line Tattoo, Inc. "Customers always 
get at least two. If a customer comes in 
for more, we try to help them choose 
the tattoo and the area for the tattoo, 
so it looks more planned than random. 

The image selected for a tattoo has 
a significant meaning to the recipient. 
The meaning can relate to a person, 
their self-identity, their relationship 
with others or their desire to beautify 
the bodv. 

Along with the image goes the loca- 
tion. According to Sanders, the vast 
majority of male tattooees chose to 
have their work placed on their arm. 
Fifty-five percent of people in a survey 
place their tattoo on their arm or 

Eight-one percent of the men's tat- 
toos were on their arms. The remain- 

The Grrizacly 

after-piercing ear care products. Ear 
piercings don't hurt that much, they 
mainly just feel like a pinch and then 
it's over. 

Getting a navel pierced will cost 
you a bit more than your ears. 
Standard going price for a navel 
piercing costs about $50. Navel pierc- 
ings hurt more than others and also 
take longer to heal. "It was like a real- 
ly hard pinch for about ten seconds. I 
think piercing is a neat way to 
express yourself as long as it's not 
overboard," Decker says. Butler 
sophomore Angela Napier also has a 
navel piercing. "It felt like nothing. I 
think piercings are an expressive form 
of our freedom as Americans," says 

Nipple piercings are also very pop- 
ular these days. Butler El Dorado 
sophomore Matt Hanson has both of 
his nipples pierced and a stud in one 
of his ears. Hanson has a hoop in one 
of his nipples and a needle through 

his other nip- 
ple. "The 
piercing part 
just felt like 
pain, but it 
was free 
because I did 
the piercings 
myself. It 
hurts a lot in 
your nipples, 
but they're cool looking," Hanson 
says. Body piercing is also not perma- 
nent. If you decide you don't like it, 
just remove it and let the healing 

No matter if you're getting a body 
appendage pierced or a tattoo, the 
first thing you should do is ask the 
piercer or tattooist about their steril- 
ization practices. Do they use new 
equipment with each new customer? 
Is their permanent equipment com- 
pletely sterilized before being used on 
another person? Is all of their dispos- 
able equipment stored 
in sealed plastic bags? 
If you get answered 
back with a "no" to 
any of these questions, 
it is probably reason- 
ably safe to assume 
you shouldn't get a 
tattoo or be pierced at 
this particular place. 
"At Ace's High Tattoo 
the equipment is ster- 
ilized, and bags are 
kept over everything 
for sanitation," 
Dawson says. Also ask 
to see the equipment 
in sealed bags. If they 
decline to show you 
the equipment, 
chances are they lied 
about the sterility of it. 
Having sterilized 
equipment is very 
important. Too many 
bacterias, infections 
and even AIDS can be 
spread through an 
unsanitized needle or 
other equipment. To 
be on the safe side 
take the time and ask 
some questions, it 
won't hurt anything. 

Pete Dawson of Aces High in Andover prepares the skin 
before he starts to tattoo. 

der were on hip, back , face and chest. 
Thirty-five percent of the females 
received their first tattoo on the breast, 
13 percent on the back or shoulder 
and 10 percent on the hip. 

The body location will affect the 
price of a tattoo. A tattooist must 
inspect the skin for cuts and scrapes, 
spray the area with an antiseptic and 
shave the hair around the area. Next, a 
design must be sketched onto the skin 
and an ointment should be applied 
over the sketch. A tattooist has to 
stretch the skin to sketch the design, 
so body location may increase the 

All needles should be sterilized. A 
recipient should make sure that the 
tattooist uses an autoclave (a heat ster- 
ilization machine required by the 
FDA) cleaning system. A tattooist uses 
a small machine, similar to a sewing 
machine, with a needlebar that holds 
up to 14 needles, each in its own tube. 
A tattooist should also follow the 
machine with absorbent tissues to pick 
up excess ink and blood. 

Once the tattooist is finished, the 
area should be washed with mild soap 
and water and an antiseptic ointment 
should be applied. A tattoo will take 
seven to 10 days to heal. The tattooist 
will give the recipient instructions on 
care of the tattoo during the healing 

A tattoo of three inches will take 
approximately one hour. Larger tat- 
toos can take up to three hours and 
require multiple visits to the parlor. 

A tattoo can cost from $30-$150 an 
hour, depending on the tattoo, the 
location and the artist. 

Tattooing is a way of expression. It 
is a way of saying, "I am unique." 

& The Grizzly 

Tlxe Grizzly 

Randy Smith gets some help announcing during a mens home game from womens coach Toby McCammon. 

The Voice of the Grizzlies 

By Tiffany Lewis 

Butler's "Voice of the Grizzlies" 
has already had a long haul to get 
where he is today, and at the tender 
age of 20, recognizes that while the 
future holds much promise for him, 
he still has a long way to go before he 
gets where he wants to go. 

Meet Randy Smith, a diehard 
Philadelphia Eagles fan, and the per- 
sonality behind the radio broadcast 
voice that brings Grizzly sports fans 
the play-by-play and color commen- 
tary of all Butler basketball and foot- 

ball games on 88.1, KBCC Radio. This 
will be Smith's second year to broad- 
cast Butler basketball, after complet- 
ing his first Grizzly gridiron season. 

"I hope to move on from Butler 
some day, but if I were stuck doing 
this the rest of my life, I would be 
happy," Smith insists. "Basketball at 
the community college level is great. 
Football is too, because you can get 
out on the road." 

Randy Smith's roots in broadcast- 
ing were inauspicious. When he was 
eight years old, he did play-by-play 
for the electronic players on his first 

computer football game. "For some 
strange reason I started doing play- 
by-play," Smith smiles when he looks 
back on it all today. "I used the com- 
puter game as a tool." 

As a student at Circle High School, 
Smith's talents as a broadcaster began 
to show, even though he was not too 
interested in school at the time. But 
during his junior year, his teacher 
suggested that he attend the Mitch 
Holthus Sportscasters' Academy at 
Kansas State University. Videotaped 
evidence from the academy indicates 
he was enthusiastic about his work 

lO Tl*e Grizzly 

there, but Smith claims he wasn't too 
successful. Still, he did walk away 
with an award from the Voice of the 
Kansas City Chiefs broadcasters 

"They ripped me up there," Smith 
insists, but, "they did say that I had a 
lot of enthusiasm and I won the Best 
Attitude Award." 

When he returned to the area for 
his senior year at Circle, Smith did 
some public announcing work and 
applied for a job as a sportscaster at a 
Wichita radio station, which also 
needed someone to do play-by-play 
for the Thunder hockey team. He did- 
n't get the job, but he went back to the 
Holthus Academy in the summer of 
1995 to give it another shot. 

"Mitch told me that I needed to be 
doing Butler County sports," Smith 
remembers. "He said he would do 
anything he could to help." 

So, after high school, Randy Smith 
enrolled at Butler and received a radio 
scholarship, where the college was 
just beginning to develop a Radio /TV 
program. Unfortunately, Smith spent 

too much time working on the radio— 
and not enough time in the classroom. 
He eventually lost his scholarship 
after completing only six credit hours 
his first semester. 

"It got to the point I wasn't attend- 
ing classes," Smith says. "I was 
spending 30 to 40 hours a week on 
the local radio station." 

Randy Smith dropped out of 
school for a year. An El Dorado radio 
station broadcast Butler basketball 
games, and Smith signed on to cover 
them. All was fine until the radio sta- 

I hope to move 

on from Butler 

some day, but if I 

were stuck doing 

this the rest of my 

life I would be 

happy. } } 

tion decided to drop its coverage of 
the Grizzlies in mid-season. 

So the Voice of the Grizzlies talked 
to Butler officials about carrying the 
basketball games on the school radio 
station, 88.1FM. The station was not 
running at full power yet, so KBCC 
only reached listeners on the El 
Dorado campus. Smith didn't care. 

"We begged Larry Patton (dean of 
Humanities /Fine Arts) to let us do 
the games on the college station," 
Smith explains. Patton agreed, and 
Smith has been the official Voice of 
the Grizzlies ever since. 
He didn't have to apply 
for the job, it was just 
handed to him, he says. 
"I feel very fortunate 
that Butler County gave 
me this job," Smith says. 
"I love the intensity of 
the game. I'm always 
looking for the big play 
and the big game. If I 
never get a better job 
than this, I'll be happy. I 
love Butler." 

Randy Smith 

The Grizzly 

By Amy Train 

I experienced one thing I never 
thought would happen to me, seeing 
the President of the United States in 
person. That event hap- 
pened to me on Nov. 17. I 
went to President Bill 
Clinton's dedication of 
Cessna's 21st Street 
Training Facility. 

One night my mother 
and I were talking about 
Clinton coming to Wichita. 
I jokingly said to her, 
"What if I could get a 
press pass and go and see 
the President?" She told 
me to give my brother, 
who is in security at 
Cessna, a call. He told me 
to call the manager of 
security at Cessna. 

The next morning, I 
gave him a call. He 
informed me that all press clearance 
was being processed through the 
White House. 

I told my mother and she thought 
maybe he was just saying that. She 
made a few calls checking around and 
he had not been lying to me. 

My mother talked to the Corporate 
Communications department at 
Cessna. They gave her the number to 
call for the press office in the White 

Later that day, Corporate 

Communications faxed me an invita- 
tion to the news briefing at the 21st 
Street Training Center. Of course, I 
attended. It was definitely a way to 
get my foot in the door. Even though I 
knew nothing about the training cen- 
ter, I headed off to Wichita the next 

morning. In the news briefing, I 
learned what the training center was 
all about and was impressed. Not 
many programs are started in an 
effort to move people off of welfare 
rolls and into employment. The 

trainees are guaranteed a full- 
time job at Cessna upon grad- 
uating from the program. 

I really began to appreciate 
the cause for Clinton coming 
to the Air Capital City. It was 
more than just, "I want to go 
see Clinton." 

Clinton said it perfectly in 
his speech. 

"The main reason I 
showed up, apart from the 
sheer satisfaction, is because 
sometimes when I show up 
things get enough publicity 
that people find out what you 
are doing. I don't care if they 
hear what I say. I just want 
everyone to see what you are 
doing here in Wichita,." 
While I was calling the White 
House, in an attempt to receive press 
clearance for the dedication, Brian 
Sabaj, managing editor of The Lantern, 
yelled at me informing me that Rick 
Dreiling, athletic director, was on the 
phone. Everyone in the background 

12 The Grizzly 

4 4 

was telling Sabaj to shut up because I 
was on the phone with the White 
House. He told me that Dreiling was 
more important than the White 
House. Everyone just laughed. 

While I was talking to the White 
House, I was told I would receive a 
fax of the options for set 
up times. For another day, 
I waited anxiously for the 
news that I would be 
heading to Wichita on that 
Monday to see Clinton. 

For the rest of the week- 
end, it was almost impos- — _— 
sible to concentrate at 
work. The knowledge of my adven- 
ture had not sunk in yet. When I 
woke up on Monday morning, it was 
like I was in a complete daze. 

I headed off to class to take a 
measly test before I headed off to 
Wichita to see Clinton. 

I left with plenty of time allotted in 
case traffic was congested. But, I 
parked with no problem whatsoever. 
From there, I headed to the training 

center to pick up my credentials only 
to be informed I had to wait. I was 
beginning to wonder if my adventure 
was ever going to become a reality. 

An hour later I was being frisked 
and knew I was in. 

Another long wait followed. Three 

I still can't believe that I saw the 

President of the United States, Bill 


Amy Train — 

dreadful hours of anxious anticipa- 
tion with the rest of the crowd. 

Finally, the dedication began. Once 
Clinton stepped on stage, the crowd 
went wild with pride knowing that 
the President was here in Wichita. 

My camera went into action as I 
shot five roles of Clinton. 

The reality of my experience never 
set in until a week or so later. To this 
day, I still can't believe that I, Amy 

Train, saw the President of the United 
States, Bill Clinton. 

The experience is going to look 
great for the rest of my future. I have 
already sold several copies of my pic- 
tures to one of the graduates who 
introduced Clinton, and one to anoth- 
er graduate who my mom 
works with. 

The head of Cessna's cor- 
porate communications told 
my mother that I am the 
type of person who they 
look for for internships. To 
me, that was an offer. The 
rest of my career will hope- 
fully follow the success that I have 
had this fall as a student at Butler 
County Community college. 

Seeing the President in person is an 
experience that I will remember for 
the rest of my life, and Butler is partly 
responsible for it. 

Amy Train is the sports editor for the 


V/\^ wv^ *^-'* 


v ▼ %^MJm3m 

The Grizzly 

By Mike Shepherd 

Sometimes it's hard to ask for help. 

But that shouldn't be the case if you're 
not doing well in a class. Butler has a peer 
tutoring program designed solely to help 
students who may be struggling in a class 
or may not understand a concept. 

Quite possibly the best thing about it, 
besides that it's free, is that the tutors want 
to help. Most are education majors using 
this opportunity to get "hands-on" practice 
at what they want to do in the future. 

"I want to be a history and geography 
teacher but they needed someone to help 
out with biology. I'm no science whiz, but I 
do know the secrets to get you through the 
class," Jim Moreland, Butler graduate, says. 

And by tutoring, tutors not only help 
others but they help themselves as well. 

"I enjoy helping others help them- 
selves," Stan Hristov, Bulgaria freshman, 
says. "Through helping people, I enrich 
myself, my knowledge on the subject, my 
communication skills in English and final- 
ly, of course, I make friends." 

And it is those friendships that make 
asking for help easier. 

"That's why the tutoring program 
works because the tutors are also students 
and I think people feel less intimidated in 
asking someone that is in the same situa- 
tion they are," Susan Balman, peer tutor- 
ing coordinator, says. 

By last year's statistics, one can see that 
the tutoring program is working. There 

Tlie Grizzly 

were 74 tutors at eight sites who served 1600 students in 2100 hours. In El 
Dorado, there were 26 tutors who served 815 students in 1355 hours. In com- 
parison, that's like teaching one three-hour class with 31 students. Though 
there are no records to show students' improvement after tutoring, most 
involved with the program feel that there are 
many more out there who could benefit from 
the tutors who don't. 

"There are a lot of students who could bene- 
fit from it but don't take advantage of it. It's 
right in the middle of the math classrooms, 
waiting for them to get help while they're here 
(for class)," math instructor Melody Choate 
says of the Math Enrichment Center, an annex 
of the peer tutoring program located in Room 
205 of the 1500 Building. 

And just like there are those who could ben- 
efit from tutoring who don't, there are also 
those who would make great tutors who do 
not apply. 

"I've never thought, 'Oh my gosh, I've got 
too many tutors!' They're hard to find," 
Balman says. 

Student tutors may be hard to find, but as a 
rule, most instructors are available and are 
willing to tutor during their office hours to 
people in their classes, which increases the 
overall number of people who are available to help with a question. 

"I prefer tutoring to classroom teaching because I can tailor to one person's 
needs or pace," Choate says. 

Whether one seeks help from a peer or an instructor, one sentiment is 

"I enjoy helping people help themselves," Hristov said. "That's the enjoy- 
ment from this job." 

Anyone wanting or needing help with a class can check a list of available 
tutors in the Center for Independent Study or Math Enrichment Center for 
times and locations. 

A bulletin board in the Center for 
Independent Study prominently dis- 
plays tutor profiles, including what 
classes they can help with and what 
times they are available. In El Dorado 
this semester, there are 14 tutors, down 
from 26 last semester. "I've never 
thought, 'Oh, my gosh! I've got too 
many tutors'," Susan Balman says. 

Butler graduate and biology 
tutor Jim Moreland studies 
for his U.S. History II class 
in the Center for 
Independent Study. Aside 
from offering classes and 
tutoring services, the CIS is 
also a quiet place to catch up 
on homework. 

What really goes on 

By Tiffany Lewis 

or many students, the transition from high school to col- 
lege can be made easier by living in the dorms. It 
Scan also provide a fun and interesting way for stu- 
dents to get involved in campus activities and make 
new friends. 
"Living in the dorms is a good way to get to know peo- 
ple," says Missy Ek, a freshman student from Galva. "I've 
made a lot of new friends since living in the dorms." 

Butler provides two dorms for students, the East Dorm 
and the West Dorm. The West Dorm is for men only. Each 
room has two men living in it and each hall shares a show- 
er room. "It's comfortable and homey," Liberal freshman 
Brooke White says. "I feel safe in the dorms." 

The East Dorm is a coed dorm, meaning there are 
rooms for men and women. Two rooms share one bath- 

room and shower. The four students who share the bath- 
room are called suitemates. 

"I like living in the dorms because it's close to campus," 
says Shauna Scott, a freshman from Manhattan. "All the 
people who live here are cool and the rooms are nice. Dan 
'The Man' McFadden is really cool." 

The Dan McFadden who Scott is referring to is an adult 
college employee who oversees the dorms on behalf of 
Butler. He ensures that both dorms run smoothly. 

By living in the dorms, students have a chance to get 
involved in campus activities. Students can check the bul- 
letin boards for local job openings and campus and town 

"Living in the dorms is a change from being at home all 
my life," says Caney freshman Erica Jones. "I like my 
roommate. It's been exciting getting to know someone 

.. An the dorms 

Above, In the hours after classes dorm resi- 
dents participate in many different activities 
such as pool and ping pong. 

To the left, Erica Jones colors in her dorm 
room after a long day of studying hard and 
attending classes. 

16 The Grizzly 

Derby Freshman Holly Call kicks 
back in her dorm room to watch TV. 

from Germany." El Dorado sophomore Lauri Fulks says dorm life agrees 

The East Dorm provides a game room to keep students with her. "I think it's fun. People on my hall always have a 
entertained. The game room has a ping-pong table, a pool good time together." 

your room 
Ben Faulkner- 

tabie and arcade games that keep stu- 
dents busy on those occasional I- £ £" 
don't-want-to-study nights. 

Living in the dorms is also a way 
for students to make new friends. The 
first friend a student must make on 
the Butler campus is his or her room- ^^^ 
mate. These two have to learn to get 
along and share a limited amount of space. This reality 
makes being friends more important because living with a 
person you dislike can make your life miserable. 
Sometimes roommates can be reassigned, but usually stu- 
dents just have to learn to live with it. 

"The dorms are a great place to live if you have a good 
relationship with your roommate and others in your hall," 
says Teddy Salters, a sophomore from Irmo, S.C. 

People down the hall can also become a student's good 
friends, too. It is common to walk through the halls of the 
dorms and see room doors wide open. These people are 
just inviting others to come into their rooms to chat. 

It sucks because you 
can't drink beer in 


But there can be drawbacks as well. 
If a student has a problem in the 
dorm, there is usually no getting away 
from it. Loud and continuous noise 
can be an annoying part of dorm life. 
There is always something happening 
in the dorms, and there is always 
someone extremely loud walking 
down the hall. There is nowhere a student can go to escape 
the noise. Once a student becomes accustomed to dorm 
life, however, the student usually copes and is much hap- 

Abilene freshman Ben Faulkner has another complaint 
about dorm life. "It sucks because you can't drink beer in 
your room," he says. 

But despite these few problems, living in the dorms can 
give students a good start to adjusting to college life. 
Dorm life gives students opportunities to be involved and 
it can also provide a start on meeting people. It's a part of 
the total college experience. 

Tire Orrizacly IT 

Roll on over to the Roller ena 

By Laura Agee 

There is no lack of talent in Melissa Downing's 
family. Her children are national champions in 
speed roller skating. Her 
oldest daughter, Jennifer, 
won the Tiny Tot division in 
1989. Curtis, her 11-year old son, 
won third place in 1993. Taking 
lessons in perfection, Downing's 
youngest daughter, Amanda, 8, 
is in line to be the next national 
champion in speed roller skat- 
ing. At least Jennifer, Curtis, and 
Amanda will never have to 
worry about not having a place 
to practice. The Downings own 
the Rollerena on Central Street 
in El Dorado. 

Downing, 30, purchased the 
skating rink in September of 1996. Since their children 

were national champions, the Downings decided to give it 
a try after they discovered the rink was for sale. Actually, 
the previous owner made the Downings an offer they 
couldn't refuse. The rest is history. 

Originally, the skating rink 
was a circular portable skating 
rink that was set up in the corn 
fields around the area. Its owner, 
Phil Muth, moved from place to 
place setting up the skating rink 
where ever he went. With some 
success, Muth decided to build a 
permanent skating rink. In 1953, 
the Rollerena was built. After 
Muth built the Rollerena, he dis- 
covered that he had made the 
ceiling three feet too low. Rather 
than rebuilding the ceiling, Muth 
just left it. "The Muths built it, 
the Foxs bought it from the 
Muths and added six more feet 


Because Butler homecoming skate night was 
a real success, Downing is working with the 
Student Senate to plan a college skate night 
once a month. 

The Grizzly 

to the floor," Downing recalls. 

In September of 1996, Downing purchased the rink 
"We put long hours into restoring the rink. We pulled 
the floor in places and replaced most of the floor," 
Downing says. The Downings also replaced the 
roof. "Suddenly, the rink started to become a real 
ty for me," Downing smiles. 

Looking around it wasn't hard for me to see 
why. The floor, coated with special plastic, made 
the floor shiny and inviting. According to 
Downing, the plastic coating on the floor gives 
it a certain tightness, so it is just right to skate 
on without causing skaters to fall. "The floor 
has to have this coating applied every six 
months to a year," Downing explains. After 
the opening in September, the rink had to be 
closed briefly last June. "The carpet was 
defective," Downing states. Now the red and 
blue flowered carpet is only two months old. 
Although the orange and yellow concession 
booths don't match the carpet, the rink still 
looks good. Downing and her husband have 
worked hard. "He has a job by day and this by 
night," Downing comments. No wonder neither 
of them have any free time. Owning a skating 
rink is a big job, as Melissa Downing has found 

With these new changes, The Rollerena looks 
like a new rink. Hopefully, the floor can start being 

/■i> ; " 

- - $ ■ 


scrubbed once a week, after Downing pur- 
chases a floor scrubber. Downing also plans to 
add a little color to the bare white walls. "I talked 
to the guys from Chance Industries who painted 
the carousel horses for the Carousel skating rink, 
but at the time I wasn't sure what I really want- 
ed or how much I wanted to spend," 
Downing states. 

Still, Downing is unsure if the rink will 
remain in her family "My daughter says 
she wants it, but I don't know. She is 
only 14, and I'm sure she will 
change her mind in 10 years," 
Downing says. For now, 
1 "//! Downing is focusing on skat- 
ing lessons, school skating par- 
I ties, birthday parties and skating times for home- 
schoolers. The last few weeks have been real busy 
for Downing. "We have had close to 100 people for 
the Friday and Saturday night sessions," Downing 
says. There is only one minor setback to having that 
many people at one time. "It gets pretty hot in here 
without an air conditioner," Downing chuckles. 

It' s renovated 
. . . and ready 

OK, this we know about the Butler County mens 
basketball team: They won't start the season 16-0. 
This we don't know: When will freshman 
Kevin Robinson and Jamar Gaither return? 

This we know: Tyrone Brown really has some 
ups... doesn't he? 

This we don't know: Will Butler County be heading to 
Hutchinson for the national tournament in March? 

As the Grizzlies start the season 7-3, questions abound 
about this year's team as compared to last season's. With 
14 new freshmen added to the squad and only two sopho- 
mores returning, Butler was predicted fourth in the 
NJCAA preseason poll. This is the highest a Butler team 
has been ranked. Yes, all this with only two sophomores. 

Although the team has gotten off to a slow start, coach 
Steve Eck feels better about this team than the 29-5 team of 
last season. Perhaps that's because it's officially his team. 

After Randy Smithson accepted the Wichita State position, 
Eck took over here at Butler County with Smithson's 
recruits. Now in full control, Eck is doing things his way. 

In the past, the Grizzlies have relied on local talent at 
the point guard position. But this year, the Grizzlies decid- 
ed to go looking out-of-state. Huntsville, Ala., freshman 
Tony Jackson emerges from the talent hunt. Freshmen do 
make mistakes, and Jackson is still learning, but when he 
drains the shots, opponents have a hard time stopping the 
leak. Jackson burned Coffey ville, going 7 of 7 from three- 
point land, with 31 points. Leavenworth freshman Jason 
Fullen is another point guard who can shoot the rock as 
well. With Fullen and Jackson, expect the long bombs as 
the rest of their "game" continues to progress. 

Returning Augusta sophomore guard Lucas Sims was 
injured for most of last year. He certainly didn't show it. 
Participating in 31 games, Sims' free-throw shooting was 

Exactly what do we know ahoir 

Antonio Jackson looks for an open teammate to pass the ball to in the Grizzlies game against Allen County in their second game 
of the KJCCC Shoot Out in Coffeyville. The Grizzlies beat Allen County and Fort Scott in their only two games at the Shoot Out. 

20 TTlxe Grizzly 

tops on the 1996-97 team. Barring injury, Sims will contin- 
ue to start at the off guard position. Backing him will be 
Frankfort freshman Matt Suther, who, on paper, resembles 
Sims. The 1-A Player of the Year will be a key off the 

With Grizzlies' lack of depth in the post, more guards 
will take the floor, which will suit Wichita freshman 
Tolanda Charles just fine. Charles has started all 10 games 
this season and is an asset on the floor defensively. 
Another guard in the mix is Andale freshman Jarod Eck. 
Both Eck and Charles are no strangers to Steve Eck's phi- 
losophy. Charles is a former South High player, while Eck 
is a nephew of coach Eck. 

The forward spot shows the athleticism of the team. 
Wichita sophomore Tyrone Brown and New Orleans, La., 
freshman Damon Barnett showcase themselves as they 
dazzle audiences with unbelievable dunks. Brown, who 

one. Winning the 
West will make a 
big statement to 
others in the 

Conference, for the 
West has been 
dominant at the 
Region VI tourna- 
ment throughout 
the '90s. As soon 
as Robinson and 
Gaither return, the 
post position will 
be stronger. The 
team is young, but 
will gain more 

his years UrlzzIIes 7 

suffered a broken nose against Phoenix College the first 
night of the Thanksgiving Classic, returned the next night 
and sparked the Grizzlies with 26 points. Barnett, in place 
of Brown, had 17 points and 10 rebounds to pace Butler 
County to victory over Phoenix College. 

The post position is a spot that's hurting with 
Mitchell ville, Md., freshman Kevin Robinson and 
Greenbelt, Md., freshman Jamar Gaither out with injuries. 
All- America Lee Nailon has moved on to TCU and has left 
Robinson and Gaither to fill the shoes. How big are this 
two to Butler County? The team is 2-3 when either is out 
of the lineup. Their return could be sometime after 
Christmas. Leavenworth freshman Neil Chadderdon and 
Augusta freshman Todd Kappelmann have taken their 
place in the paint to fill the void. Augusta, Ga., freshman 
William Gates has also seen time at the five spot, at times 
being the tallest player on the court at six-foot-six. 

The Grizzlies haven't had the easiest of schedules, 
either. Mineral Area College was Butler's opening night 
opponent, while Mesa handed one of the three losses to 
the Grizzlies over Thanksgiving. Both were ranked in the 
preseason NJCAA poll. The road gets tougher for Butler 
County, who will face undefeated Jayhawk West rivals 
Seward and Hutchinson. Barton County is favored in the 
West, and has been ranked seventh on the NJCAA polls. 
The Grizzlies, however, are predicted to finish first in the 
Jayhawk West by the Wichita Eagle and other conference 

This we know: If Butler is to travel to Hutchinson for 
the national tournmanent, the road there will be a rough 

throughout the 
season. The 
Grizzlies might not 
equal a 29-5 record 
this year, but at 
least someone feels 
comfortable about 
this year's team 
and the road 

By Randy Smith 

Lucas Sims, one of only two returning 
members of last year's team, goes up for 
a shot in a game against Brown Mackie. 

Tyrone Brown, one of two returning members of last year's 
team, tries to drive around an Allen Country defender. 

The Grizzly 

Kesha Walker tries to steal the ball from Allen County's point 
guard in the KJCCC Shoot Out in Coffeyville. 

Injuries plague 
women's team 

Double-double seems to be the theme for the Lady 
Grizzlies this season— in a positive and a negative way. 
Four of the first five games not only resulted in victories, 
but an individual player earned a double-double in each 
game, scoring double digits in points and 
rebounds. In an 86-42 victory over Brown 
Mackie, two Lady Grizzlies had double-dou- 
bles; one with points and 
rebounds, the other with 
points and assists. That is the 
good news. 

The other double-double is with 
injuries. That is the bad news. Wichita 
freshman Kesha Walker has just returned 
from a stress fracture, but St. Francis 
sophomore Carrie Duquette recently went 
down with a knee injury and is lost for the season. A lack 
of depth has hurt the Lady Grizzlies and could put a dent 
in their record as they hit the stronger portion of their 
schedule. Obviously, womens head coach Toby 

McCammon would love 
more of the positives. 
The Lady Grizzlies 
brought back two post play- 
ers from last year's squad. 


Santa Fe Springs sopho- 
more Maria Camacho and 
Duquette are the only 
returning players back this 
year. They have touted the 
freshman class as Butler's 
best ever and the Wichita 
area has helped by provid- 
ing three players: Kristy 
Tabor (Campus), Danielle 
Belin (North), and Walker 

Other in-state players are 
Oxford freshman Shelly 
Bartelson, Eureka freshman 
Stacey Hart, and Council 
Grove freshman Angela 
Picolet. Two out-of-state 
players join the Lady 
Grizzlies: Kansas City fresh- 
man Toni Herriford and 
Columbia, S.C., freshman 

22 The Grizzly 

April Davis. 

Herriford and Davis have been taking turns at running 
the point guard in Walker's absence. Herriford is deadly 
from three-point range and has excellent ball-handling 
skills. Davis is quick and can hurt opponents defensively. 
Both can also play the off-guard position as well, and have 
been found on the court at the same time. Walker, the 
shortest player on the team at 5-foot-4, has been a vocal 
force on the bench. Now she will get her chance to be a 
vocal leader on the court as well. With Walker's return, the 
three guards will get a pleasant mix of shooting and 

Along with the scoring of Herriford and Davis, watch 
for Kristy Tabor to have some big games in the point col- 
umn as well. Tabor, in her first game, had a double-dou- 
ble. She is versatile and can play forward or guard. 
Another player to look for at the wing spot is Bartelson, 
who is quick to the ball and provides a mixture of defense 
and scoring. 

With Duquette out, Hart and Picolet, along with 

Camacho, will attempt to fill the void. Hart, the most con- 
sistent Lady Grizzly on the stat sheet, will be a physical 
force inside. Picolet gives the Lady Grizzlies a good mix in 
her minutes off the bench with shot range and ball-han- 
dling skills. Camacho, standing at 6-foot-2, can create 
offensive and defensive production inside the paint and is 
one of the best free-throw shooters on the team. The Lady 
Grizzlies missed Duquette's inside play; the 6-foot-2 
sophomore led the team in rebounds. 

The 5-4 Lady Grizzlies have faced prime competition to 
gear up for play against Jayhawk West foes in January. 
Butler County suffered back-to-back losses against 
Coffeyville, this year's predicted Jayhawk East champion, 
and Cowley County. Over Thanksgiving break, the team 
split a pair of games in the Barton County Thanksgiving 
Classic; the loss coming to Kansas City, the defending 
Jayhawk Conference champion. 

Now with McCammon's team at full strength, the Lady 
Grizzlies will have the potential to be a factor in the 
Jayhawk West. Keeping healthy is a strong key for Grizzly 
success, for they have only nine players on the roster. If 
the stat sheet keeps showing double-doubles, this is a 
team that could be in the thick of things at the end of the 

By Randy Smith 

Maria Camacho and Angela Picolet fight to get the ball away 
from an Allen County offensive player. 

i_* : v ' Toni Herriford passes 
the ball around a 
jumping defender. 



The Grizzly 

Women runners come a long waj 



Christa Gerdes 
strides towards 
the finish line 
at the Isom 

By Amy Train 

The womens cross country team has come a long 
ways from the first day of practice. The team sent ont 
runner to nationals in Levelland, Texas and finished 
fifth overall in conference standings. 

More than a few runners suffered from injuries or 
illness during the season, however, the women took 
fourth at the Hurricane Festival in Tulsa to open the 

"We ran against all universities, with Butler being 
the only junior college," says Wichita sophomore 
Christa Gerdes, who placed 21st at the meet. "The res 
of the girls did really well, even though we did not 
know what to expect. It was a pretty intense meet^n| 
we showed a lot of promise." 

At the Baker Invitational, the Lady Grizzlie| 
ished fourth out of nine teams in their first 5K ; 
the season. Gerdes finished 15th and Oxford sot 
more Kasey Sawyer finished 21 st. 

"We ran really well for our first five kilometers, 
especially since the weather conditions were rainy an 
cold," says Towanda freshman Brenda Sommers. 

Sawyer finished 11th in the Isom Invitational held 
at Butler during homecoming. Sommers finished 18th 
and Gerdes 20th. At the Hays meet both Gerdes and 
Sawyer broke personal bests for the season. 

The women placed fifth at Regionals that were hel< 
at Butler. The women barely missed an at-large bid to 
go to nationals. Sawyer was the only runner to 
advance to the national meet. She finished 51st. 





24 The Grriatacly 

Candy Parks and 
Cecilia Armendariz 
look for runners to 
pass at the Isom 

Another top three finish for the Grizzlies 

Noah Lagat runs with the lead pack after the third mile 
at the NJCAA National Cross Country Championships 
in Levelland, Texas. Lagat finished second in the race. 


By Amy Train 

Cross country men enjoyed 
another successful year, captur- 
ing third in the national cross 
country meet to close out the 

The Grizzlies stepped foot 
on their first competitive 
course in Tulsa for the 
Hurricane Festival. The men 
came out on top with first 
place against the NCAA's 
number one ranked 
Razorbacks from Arkansas. 

Butler was the only college 
to beat Arkansas, a team with 
the possibility to take the 
NCAA championship. 

The men lost Kenya fresh- 
man Elijah Kitur before 
Butler's first home meet. Kitur 
left to turn professional and 
make some money for his run- 
ning talents. 

Butler still ran for a first 
place finish in the Isom 
Invitational without Kitur, but 
they were set back in 
Levelland, Texas when the men 

faced competition at the 
national level. 

At regionals, Butler had 
secured a first place finish to 
move on to nationals. 

Kenya sophomore Noah 
Lagat remained Butler's top 
runner throughout the season. 
He consistently finished first 
with only a few defeats in his 
path. He came in second by 
mere seconds at nationals. 
Lagat broke many records and 
maintained his own. 

Butler finished second to 
only one team in their season. 
They lost to Michigan by only 
three points. 

The weather made a turn for 
the worse as the Grizzlies 
headed to Texas in November 
for nationals. The men ran 
through snow, ice and 20- 
degree weather conditions. 

One of the Butler runners 
from Kenya had never even 
seen snow before. But the 
Butler runners still managed to 
come away with third. Butler 

aches Rick Neubauer, Deb 
lurneden and Fred Torneden 
atch and cheer as the Butler 
runners get close. . 

had three runners place in the top 

Lagat finished third, Wales 
sophomore Colin Jones, sixth, and 
England sophomore Danny 
McCormack, 10th. Eliud Kipkemei, 
Kenya freshman, was one of 
Butler's top runners, but fell ill at 
nationals and had a disappointing 
53rd place finish. 

The Grizzlies won nationals in 
1995 and were runners-up last fall. 

"There are a lot of teams who 
would love to be in our position," 
head coach Fred Torneden says. 

"It is all relative. In the last two 
years in track and cross country, we 
have won one championship tro- 
phy, one runner-up trophy and 
three third place trophies. That, in 

Top photo, Paul Cross and Keith 
Wellman try to pull away from the 
runner behind them. 
Bottom photo, Noah Lagat leads a pack 
of runners at the Isom Invitational in 
El Dorado. Lagat and the Grizzlies 
won the meet. 

250 Tlie Grizzly 

itself, is quite a feat." 

"The hardest thing for me is to know 
that in September I had the five athletes to 
win this meet (nationals)," Torneden says. 
"You think of what might have been if our 
top freshman, Elijah, doesn't skip out in 
mid-season to race professionally or if 
Eliud doesn't wake up sick the morning of 
the race. It is the would haves, could haves 
and should haves that drive coaches crazy 

Keith Wellman is helped through the finish- 
ing chute at the end of the NJCAA National 
Cross Country Championships in Levelland, 
Texas. Butler finished third as a team. 

Jerrod Hottman tries to hold off a Hutch 
runner at the finish of the Isom Invitational. 

By Amy Train 

Oxford sophomore Kasey 
Sawyer accomplished a feat that 
the rest of the women's cross 
country team missed out on, run- 
ning at nationals. 

Sawyer finished 51st and beat 
her personal best time by 30 sec- 
onds, in 20:27 despite the snow 
and ice. 

Sawyer has finished any where 
from 11th place in a home meet to 
51st at nationals. She has 
remained one of Butler's top 
women runners since the first day 
of practice. 

"Our coaching staff is so happy 
with how Kasey is improving 
with each competition," head 
coach Fred Torneden says. 

In the top photo, Kasey Sawyer sprints 
to the finish of her 3.1 mile race. 
In the bottom photo, Sawyer tries to 
move her way up in a pack of run- 
ners at the half way point in the 

Tl*e Grx-iat^ry 27 

On the left, diving to dig the 
ball, Kim Heaton helps set 
up the offense. 

Above, Diantha Dewitt stretches 
to help ensure that she will 
block her opponent's shot 
during one of the Grizzlies 
home games. 

Can you dig it? 

By Amy Train 

Lady Grizzly volleyball came up just a little short in the 
1997 season. The ladies came out with a 24-24-2 record. 
Expectations of a season turn-around from the 1996, 12-40, 
season became reality. The ladies struggled and ended the 
season with the loss of head coach Dave SI ay ton, who said 
he resigned so he could spend more time with his family. 

The ladies headed to Hutchinson for their first competi- 
tion and came out of the tournament with a third. They 
just barely missed, moving on to the championship round 
due to losses against the two teams that did advance. 
Butler came out 4-2 for the tournament. 

The highlight of the ladies season was their first place 
victory in the Hesston tournament. 

"It was the best we played all year," Slayton says. "The 
girls finally put it all together. I tried a new line-up and 
found set people. This made a little change. The girls got 

hungry and wanted to win." 

"We worked together more as a team, including players 
on and off the court," Augusta sophomore Jill Valkenaar 
says. "We actually had fun playing." 

Slayton submitted his letter of resignation halfway 
through the season with the reason of needing more time 
to dedicate to family and work. 

However, at the end of the season, Slayton told the 
whole story, that he was leaving the big happy Grizzly 
family because of complaints about how gender equity 
issues were handled by Butler's athletic department. 

"My desire is to coach, but my need was to resign," 
Slayton says. "I feel like I have given it everything I've 
got, but only on a part-time basis. The girls have always 
gotten the short end of the stick." 

Brian Hallmark, an assistant coach for Augusta High, 
will be stepping into Slayton's position next summer. 

28 The Grizzly 

To the Left, Tricia 
Ball looks for 
the perfect spot 
to spike the 

To the right, 
Lawrenz spikes 
the ball in 
before the 
Grizzlies game 
with the Hutch 
Blue Dragons. 

Below, Misty 
passes the ball 
to the front row. 

The Grizzly 

Corey Harris escapes the grip of an 
Independence defender while running for 
a first down in the Grizzlies first round 
playoff loss to the Pirates. 

30 TKe Grriza^ry 

An Independence running back is 
wrapped up and tackled by a 
Grizzly defender in the first round 
of the Jayhawk Conference playoffs. 


Football fortunes fall 

Grizzly football had key losses in 
the second half of the season that cost 
the team the chance to move on past 
the first round of the conference play- 
offs. Butler football came out strong 
against No. 2-ranked Garden City and 
led the game in the first quarter 14-0. 
The second half became an entirely 
different story when the Broncbusters 
went on to beat the Grizzlies 56-32. 

"It was disappointing to lose, but it 
was a different kind of disappoint- 
ment than in the past," head coach 
James Shibest says. "The kids played 
darn hard." 

Butler handed Highland a 30-13 
loss in the fall homecoming game 

despite rainy and cold conditions. 

The Grizzlies went on to a huge 
victory with a shut out against Dodge 
City 24-0. 

"Shut outs are hard to come by," 
Shibest says. "The team came ready 
to play, unlike a lot of times in the 
past. We knew it was an important 
game and played like it was." 

Unfortunately, Butler suffered an 
important loss to the Independence 
Pirates in the first round of the 
Jayhawk Conference playoffs. 

"It was obvious that one team came 
ready to play and the other didn't," 
Shibest says. "We missed an opportu- 
nity to come out and score 21 points 

which might have helped in the out- 
come of the game." 

Butler ended the season with a los- 
ing record of 4-5. The Grizzlies had a 
turn for the worse from its 7-4 victory 
and Valley of the Sun Bowl appear- 
ance last year. 

Butler is looking forward to next 
year, new opportunities and a whole 
new season to make up for its losing 

"We have a great freshman pool," 
Shibest says. "We are ready to focus 
on recruiting. Now, we just need to 
find those who know what football 
really means and build from there." 

By Amy Train 

The Grizzly 31